The external part produces hormones called corticosteroids, which regulate the body`s metabolism, the total amount of salt and drinking water in the physical body, the disease fighting capability, and sexual function. The inner component, or adrenal medulla, generates hormones called catecholamines . These hormones help the physical body cope with physical and emotional stress by increasing the heart rate and blood pressure.. Adrenal Glands Both adrenal glands are triangular-shaped glands located on top of each kidney.‘These prevalence numbers are not higher here because there are more autistic children. There isn’t a shred of credible evidence that living in NJ puts children at higher risk,’ Zahorodny says. ‘The quantities are higher because health professionals and educators who use New Jersey children are more attuned than elsewhere to the symptoms of autism. Many children with autism spectrum disorders are recognized while they remain in preschool. Actually, the median age where autism is normally detected here is three years and 8 weeks, lower than in all but one of the states surveyed. This sensitivity to the disorder also to the requirements of children it affects makes New Jersey circumstances where these children could be, and are usually, well cared for.’..