The RENAL Substitute Therapy Study Investigators: Strength of Continuous Renal-Alternative Therapy in Critically Ill Patients Acute kidney injury is associated with substantial mortality and morbidity .1 It is a common finding among sufferers in the intensive caution unit 2 and is an independent predictor of mortality.3 Acute kidney injury severe enough to result in the usage of renal-replacement therapy affects approximately 5 percent of patients admitted to the ICU and is connected with a mortality price of 60 percent. 4 The perfect method of renal-replacement therapy, along with the optimal intensity and timing of such therapy, in critically ill sufferers remains unclear.

But that move may not be enough, because the publisher Hindawi found out this past springtime. Although Hindawi doesn’t allow authors recommend reviewers for his or her manuscripts, it made a decision to examine the peer-review information for manuscripts submitted in 2013 and 2014 for possible fraud. The peer-review procedure used in Hindawi’s journals depends primarily on the expertise of its editorial board members and the guest editors of special issues, who are responsible for supervising the review of submitted manuscripts.5 Since the peer reviewers selected by the guest editors weren’t subject to any kind of independent verification, editors themselves could undermine the procedure in quite similar way that authors or third-party agencies did somewhere else: by creating fake reviewer identities and addresses that they submitted reviews that are positive endorsing publication.